Bubbles in a corner


The collapse of a vapor bubble in a corner generates a jet whose direction depends on the corner opening angle and bubble position. Experimental data is found to agree well with a potential flow model that gives analytical solutions for a family of corner opening angles.

This movie shows an example of a laser-induced bubble, recorded at 100,000 frames per second. The bubble is about 2 mm in diameter at its maximum.

Read more about this Physical Review Fluids: Bubble collapse and jet formation in corner geometries, Y. Tagawa and I.R. Peters, Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 081601 (2018) [pdf]

Oil entrainment


As a disc moves through an oil-water interface, it entrains part of the oil into the water phase through a funnel-shaped volume. The shape of this volume is determined by a combination of potential flow and a starting vortex, but surprisingly, its shape remains independent of the disc velocity.

Read more about this in Physical Review Fluids: Volume entrained in the wake of a disc intruding into an oil-water interface, Ivo R. Peters, Matteo Madonia, Detlef Lohse, and Devaraj van der Meer Phys. Rev. Fluids 1, 033901 (2016)

Dynamic Shear Jamming


A suspension of cornstarch particles in water is liquid-like when perturbed lightly, but turns into a jammed solid when sheared strongly. We explored how this solidification propagates through the material using high-speed imaging after applying a sudden deformation. This jamming transition is related to, but distinct from the shear-thickening that this material also exhibits.
Our findings are published in Nature:
I.R. Peters, S. Majumdar and H.M. Jaeger, Direct observation of dynamic shear jamming in dense suspensions, Nature (2016) DOI: 10.1038/nature17167